Manual Fire Arrow

Fire arrow from the Huolongjing (Fire Drake Manual) Chinese military treatise

Fire arrows are one of the earliest forms of weaponized gunpowder.  The first fire arrows consisted of bags of incendiary gunpowder attached the shaft of an arrow.

The Giyoshu military manual includes a recipe for making the powder in fire arrows:

  1. Saltpeter
  2. Sulphur
  3. Ash
  4. Iron Filings

The above ingredients would be ground up and inserted into wooden arrowheads.